The Condition of Pyromania

Published: 18th May 2011
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Pyromania is an impulsive behavioral disorder in which an individual affected with this disorder has the urge to set fire deliberately on almost anything without reasons. Eventually, the interest in fire which starts during childhood will lead to pyromania. Because the childhood fun in setting fires is not controlled by adults around the child, it has ballooned into this tragic disorder.

There are some criteria the individual must meet to be considered a patient or pyromaniac. 1.The patient sets the fire more than once, deliberately and with no apparent reasons, just to enjoy seeing the fire. 2. He shows a stressful anticipation, which is an outward emotional behavior, before setting the fire. 3. He has an intense interest in setting or watching fire. 4. At post fire setting or fire watching, he displays pleasure, satisfaction, or gratification at what he has done. 5. His strong urge to just set fire and see the fire is the only motivation the patient has. As for causes, pyromania is a psychiatric disorder with underlying emotional trauma or social problems that push a desire in the patient to see fire burning things. It is a strong fascination for fire; and fire setting gives a euphoria to the individual after he has done his act. Additional causes also include sensation seeking and antisocial behaviors or attitudes. Majority or 90% of those diagnosed with pyromania are generally male. At one study, psychiatrist Jon Grant examined by SPECT the brain of a pyromania patient and a low blood flow was found within the left inferior frontal portion of the brain. This study is the first evidence of a biological cause for pyromania.

A pyromaniac can still be treated with both psychiatric and medical therapy. Behavioral therapy is often the best treatment. The most frequently used treatment is psychotherapy treatment alongside behavior modification. A combination treatment of drugs and behavioral therapy, based on the study of Jon Grant, was found to be successful in treating pyromania. The use of serotonin reuptake inhibitors is also beneficial in controlling the impulsive behavior of the patient as in other impulse control disorder. Other antidepressants and medications such as fluoxetene (Prozac), Lithium, naltrexone (ReVia), citalopram (Celexa), and paroxetene(Paxil) are also helpful.

Hope is still there for a pyromaniac. The patient has to face and admit he has this disorder that needs special psychiatric and medical treatment. Once the condition of the patient is grave, to the extent he cannot admit his problem, then it is up to his family and authorities to rehabilitate him.

Jason Albany runs Do not despair about panic attack problems. Many techniques exist to cure the condition. Read about it: Panic Attack Cures. You can read advice on many related topics, like sleep panic attacks.

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